Functional Capabilities: Critical Infrastructure and Associated Interdependencies; Risk Assessment, and Mitigation

  • Identification and prioritization of critical assets; Interdependencies-related vulnerabilities and preparedness gaps; Ensuring confidentially of proprietary and sensitive infrastructure-related data; Assessment of potential and cascading impacts on infrastructures and essential services—including impediments to response and recovery; Identification of potential mitigation measures.
  • These tools and resources enable stakeholders to identify and assess, pre-, trans-, and post-event, dependencies and interdependencies and risks associated with all-hazards threats and events, and capabilities and operations that can be utilized to address a disaster or event.
LinkTool/Resource NameHow this Tool is UsefulKey CapabilitiesFunctional Capability Sets
A Community Checklist for Health Sector Resilience Informed by Hurricane SandyAn examination of New York City’s experiences with Superstorm Sandy to derive “best practices” guidance for communities interested in strengthening the resilience of their health care sector to extreme events. Provides a general checklist that outlines cross-cutting actions that many different health sector organizations can implement to foster resilience as well as supplemental checklists that are specific to individual components of the health sector: hospitals, long term care facilities, outpatient medical facilities, behavioral health providers, pharmacies, correctional health facilities, public health departments, patient transport providers, home and community based care providers, elected officials and jurisdictions as well as patients and families.
  • Effective plans and policies for health resilience response, mitigation, and recovery
  • Emergency public health and medical, including mental health services (e.g., availability, certification, mobile assets, emergency triage and pre-hospital treatment, use of remote care technologies)
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  • Coordination and Collaboration across Jurisdictions, Sectors, and Disciplines
  • Critical Infrastructure and Associated Interdependencies; Risk Assessment, and Mitigation
  • Healthcare and Related Public Health and Emergency Preparedness Plans and Resource Issues
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Risk AssessmentA risk assessment is a process to identify potential hazards and analyze what could happen if a hazard occurs. A business impact analysis (BIA) is the process for determining the potential impacts resulting from the interruption of time sensitive or critical business processes.
  • Assessment of community health resilience demographics (geography and climate, population factors, housing characteristics, economic and environmental factors, jurisdictions within the community, and cultural and political (e.g., home rule) issues and human factors of relevance to community health
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  • Continuity of Business and Operations, and Supply Chain Management
  • Critical Infrastructure and Associated Interdependencies; Risk Assessment, and Mitigation
  • Financial and Broader Resourcing Challenges
  • Recovery and Long-Term Restoration Issues
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Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Considerations for Children and Families: Workshop SummaryPreparedness, Response and Recovery Considerations for Children and Families is the summary of a workshop convened in June, 2013 by the Institute of Medicine Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Catastrophic Events to discuss disaster preparedness, response, and resilience relative to the needs of children and families, including children with special health care needs.
  • All-hazards threat identification and characterization—natural and manmade, including aging and deteriorating infrastructure, technological threats, and climate change
  • Assessment of community health resilience demographics (geography and climate, population factors, housing characteristics, economic and environmental factors, jurisdictions within the community, and cultural and political (e.g., home rule) issues and human factors of relevance to community health
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  • Children and Disasters – Preparedness, Planning, Response and Recovery Efforts
  • Continuity of Business and Operations, and Supply Chain Management
  • Coordination and Collaboration across Jurisdictions, Sectors, and Disciplines
  • Critical Infrastructure and Associated Interdependencies; Risk Assessment, and Mitigation
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Evidence-Informed Guidelines for Child-Focused Pandemic Planning and ResponseThis report examines the physical, social, and mental health effects of pandemic on children and families. Based upon these findings, the report also provides a set of evidence-informed, child-focused, best practice guidelines for use by stakeholders during future pandemics across a variety of relevant fields. This research provides value to community health resilience by investigating the impacts of pandemic on a specific at-risk group and is unique for especially focusing on emotional and pyschological impacts.
  • Identification of needs and assistance for at-risk populations (economically-stressed, homeless, elderly, disabled, pregnant women and children) and ethnic groups
  • Mental health services under normal conditions and post-event behavioral health management and monitoring
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  • Children and Disasters – Preparedness, Planning, Response and Recovery Efforts
  • Communications, Critical IT Systems, Information Sharing, and Health Data Issues
  • Critical Infrastructure and Associated Interdependencies; Risk Assessment, and Mitigation
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Future of Emergency Managementlikelihood of a major natural disaster, flood, hurricane, or earthquake, affecting our communities was inevitable. As emergency management systems focus their efforts on preparing for and responding to terrorist events, these efforts should not diminish their capabilities or capacity for dealing with natural hazards
  • Screening, search, and detection for all-hazards health threats, including chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosives
  • Coordination and Collaboration across Jurisdictions, Sectors, and Disciplines
  • Critical Infrastructure and Associated Interdependencies; Risk Assessment, and Mitigation
  • Hurricane Harvey and Irma Toolset
The U.S. Climate Resilience ToolkitThe U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit provides scientific tools, information, and expertise to help people manage their climate-related risks and opportunities, and improve their resilience to extreme events. The site is designed to serve interested citizens, communities, businesses, resource managers, planners, and policy leaders at all levels of government.
  • All-hazards threat identification and characterization—natural and manmade, including aging and deteriorating infrastructure, technological threats, and climate change
  • Assessment of community health resilience demographics (geography and climate, population factors, housing characteristics, economic and environmental factors, jurisdictions within the community, and cultural and political (e.g., home rule) issues and human factors of relevance to community health
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  • Continuity of Business and Operations, and Supply Chain Management
  • Critical Infrastructure and Associated Interdependencies; Risk Assessment, and Mitigation
  • Education, Training, and Exercises
  • Environmental Health, Food, Agriculture, and Veterinary Medicine
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Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools Technical Assistance CenterThe Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools Technical Assistance Center provides a hub of information, resources, training, and services in the field of school and higher education emergency operations planning.
  • Broad stakeholder involvement in planning and implementation, includes identification of key stakeholder groups and constituencies (includes public health, healthcare services, at-risk, ethnic, and faith-based groups)
  • Critical Infrastructure and Associated Interdependencies; Risk Assessment, and Mitigation
  • Education, Training, and Exercises
  • Plans and Integration
Pennsylvania "All Hazards" School Safety Planning ToolkItPennsylvania's All Hazards School Safety Planning Toolkit provides school personnel and their stakeholders with Sample Documents, Assessment Tools and Resources for all types of disasters that affect student safety. The guide is divided in chapters that describe each phase of emergency planning, and includes related materials for natural- and man-made disaster planning that impact school environments. Users are school administrators and staff , local agency responders and school community stakeholders. The guide is an end-product of school community members (government agencies, community agencies and individuals) committed to collaborative efforts that build related networks to secure safe schools.
  • Continuous and sustainable process and strategy for community, organizational, and individual health resilience improvement
  • Health resilience assessment and measurement approaches for facilities, assets, and communities
  • Population-based preparedness and resilience, particularly for at-risk populations and for women and infants
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  • Communications, Critical IT Systems, Information Sharing, and Health Data Issues
  • Continuity of Business and Operations, and Supply Chain Management
  • Critical Infrastructure and Associated Interdependencies; Risk Assessment, and Mitigation
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Disaster Operations Handbook: Coordinating the Nation's Blood Supply During Disasters and Biological EventsThis handbook is designed to help blood centers, blood banks, and transfusion services prepare for and respond to disasters and terrorist attacks. The guide offers a section on preparation strategies which includes risk assessments, working with the media, human resources, etc. There is also a section on response processes which has a step-by-step process to follow, regulatory concerns, security concerns, etc. Each of these sections includes checklists, resources, forms, and contact information to aide in the coordination of blood supply. The guide also offers preparation checklists, response checklists, and resources for specific natural and man-made disasters. Lastly, the guide has a short Hospital Supplement section which includes what to do if a disaster occurs.
  • All-hazards threat identification and characterization—natural and manmade, including aging and deteriorating infrastructure, technological threats, and climate change
  • Emergency public health and medical, including mental health services (e.g., availability, certification, mobile assets, emergency triage and pre-hospital treatment, use of remote care technologies)
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  • Critical Infrastructure and Associated Interdependencies; Risk Assessment, and Mitigation
  • Education, Training, and Exercises
  • Public Engagement, Empowerment, and Information, including Media
National Infrastructure Protection PlanProtecting and ensuring the resiliency of the critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) of the United States is essential to the Nation’s security, public health and safety, economic vitality, and way of life. Attacks on CIKR could significantly disrupt the functioning of government and business alike and produce cascading effects far beyond the targeted sector and physical location of the incident. Direct ter-rorist attacks and natural, manmade, or technological hazards could produce catastrophic losses in terms of human casualties, property destruction, and economic effects, as well as profound damage to public morale and confidence. Attacks using components of the Nation’s CIKR as weapons of mass destruction could have even more devastating physical and psychological consequences. Risk in the 21st century results from a complex mix of manmade and natu-rally occurring threats and hazards, including terrorist attacks, accidents, natural disasters, and other emergencies. Within
  • All-hazards threat identification and characterization—natural and manmade, including aging and deteriorating infrastructure, technological threats, and climate change
  • Cross-sector, jurisdiction/national border, and discipline information sharing
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  • Continuity of Business and Operations, and Supply Chain Management
  • Critical Infrastructure and Associated Interdependencies; Risk Assessment, and Mitigation
  • Human Factors; Physical & Mental Health for Community, Family, Individual, & At Risk Group Issues
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FSIS (Food Safety and Inspection Service) DirectiveThis directive describes the Food Defense Surveillance Procedures that Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), Office of Program Evaluatoin, Enforcement and Review (OPEER), Compliance and Investigations Divisin (CID) personnel are to perform and the frequency with which these procedures are to be performed. This directive also describes additional actions that are to be followed at in-commerce facilities and facilities (other than official import inspection establishments) located at ports-of-entry ("facilities") when the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issues a National Terrorism Advisory System (NTAS) alert.
  • Agriculture surveillance and food safety/security (from source to consumer)
  • Critical Infrastructure and Associated Interdependencies; Risk Assessment, and Mitigation
  • Environmental Health, Food, Agriculture, and Veterinary Medicine
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