Mission Areas: Preparedness

  • Agriculture surveillance and food safety/security (from source to consumer)
  • All-hazards threat identification and characterization—natural and manmade, including aging and deteriorating infrastructure, technological threats, and climate change
  • Animal disease surveillance, investigation, and response
  • Assessment of community health resilience demographics (geography and climate, population factors, housing characteristics, economic and environmental factors, jurisdictions within the community, and cultural and political (e.g., home rule) issues and human factors of relevance to community health
  • Assurance of lifelines and essential disaster supply chains (e.g., food, water, fuel) and services (e.g., wastewater and solid waste disposal, power generators, transportation)
  • Broad stakeholder involvement in planning and implementation, includes identification of key stakeholder groups and constituencies (includes public health, healthcare services, at-risk, ethnic, and faith-based groups)
  • Continuous and sustainable process and strategy for community, organizational, and individual health resilience improvement
  • Creating public support and securing financial resources for mitigation
  • Crisis standards of care
  • Critical transportation for patients, staff, and certified volunteers
  • Cross-sector, jurisdiction/national border, and discipline information sharing
  • Cross-sector/multi-jurisdiction (regional) and cross-national border coordination and understanding of roles and responsibilities
  • Damage assessment
  • Debris removal and disposal
  • Decontamination of structures, assets, soil, and water
  • Effective multi-jurisdiction/cross-sector integrated command structure for response and initial recovery
  • Effective plans and policies for health resilience response, mitigation, and recovery
  • Effective prophylaxis and non-pharmaceutical interventions to control disease, including countermeasures planning and dispensing
  • Emergency mutual assistance agreements
  • Emergency public health and medical, including mental health services (e.g., availability, certification, mobile assets, emergency triage and pre-hospital treatment, use of remote care technologies)
  • Environmental health management
  • Evacuation and shelter-in-place
  • Fatality management
  • Financial resources for public and private sector restoration
  • HAZMAT management (response, removal)
  • Health resilience assessment and measurement approaches for facilities, assets, and communities
  • Health, Emergency Services workforce recruitment, availability, maintenance, occupational health and safety, and certification
  • Identification and understanding of critical assets and dependencies/interdependencies
  • Identification of and work-arounds for barriers to care
  • Identification of needs and assistance for at-risk populations (economically-stressed, homeless, elderly, disabled, pregnant women and children) and ethnic groups
  • Indicators for proactive alerts and warning; triggers for response, and on-going monitoring
  • Integration of Federal civilian and military support to state and local authorities into planning, response, and recovery
  • Intelligence collection, analysis, and dissemination
  • Interoperable and resilient communications systems
  • Legal, liability, and regulatory issues, constraints/waivers
  • Long-term healthcare facility restoration
  • Long-term temporary housing and supporting healthcare, community, and social services
  • Management of non-governmental support and volunteers
  • Medical materiel management and distribution
  • Medical waste management
  • Mental health services under normal conditions and post-event behavioral health management and monitoring
  • Mitigation of hazards to health and healthcare facilities and systems with focus on identifying effective
  • Ongoing medical care, such as dialysis, medical resource availability, palliative health, and access to routine care, especially for children and pregnant women.
  • Organizational structure for coordinated decisionmaking on restoration priorities for infrastructures, housing, etc.
  • Pet and animal management, veterinary stockpiles, and dead animal disposal
  • Pharmaceutical caches
  • Population-based preparedness and resilience, particularly for at-risk populations and for women and infants
  • Protection/security for health delivery facilities, systems, supply chains, and infrastructure (includes hardening, retrofitting, remote or redundant siting; and facility access control measures)
  • Public health surveillance and epidemiological investigation
  • Public outreach, information, and education
  • Resource (government and private sector) management (identification, access, distribution, and monitoring)
  • Risk communication (includes managing public expectations and de-escalation)
  • Screening, search, and detection for all-hazards health threats, including chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosives
  • Search and rescue
  • Security training of healthcare facility personnel.
  • Situational awareness for organizations, jurisdictions, regions
  • Telemedicine capabilities
  • Training and regional and targeted exercises and drills (for range of stakeholder groups—including health and human service organizations and media)
  • Use of traditional media and social networks for communications, including identification of users and their preferred communications methods
  • Volunteer recruitment, training, and certification
  • Ebola Planning and Response
  • Enterovirus Planning and Response
  • Emerging Infectious Disease Planning and Response
  • Children and Disasters – Preparedness, Planning, Response and Recovery Efforts
  • Hurricane Harvey Toolset
LinkTool/Resource NameHow the Tool is UsefulKey CapabilitiesFunctional Capability Sets
Early Childhood Disaster-Related Resources for Children and FamiliesCheck out the fact sheets, guides, family tools, and activities for young children below that can help you and your entire family prepare, respond to, and recover from disasters.
  • Children and Disasters – Preparedness, Planning, Response and Recovery Efforts
  • Effective plans and policies for health resilience response, mitigation, and recovery
  • Population-based preparedness and resilience, particularly for at-risk populations and for women and infants
  • Read More
  • Children and Disasters – Preparedness, Planning, Response and Recovery Efforts
  • Coordination and Collaboration across Jurisdictions, Sectors, and Disciplines
  • Environmental Health, Food, Agriculture, and Veterinary Medicine
  • Financial and Broader Resourcing Challenges
  • Read More
Hurricane Irma ResourcesThe Florida Department of Education is in contact with school districts, state colleges and universities for updates and to determine needs before, during and after emergency events. All school districts, colleges and universities are monitoring Hurricane Irma and collaborating with local emergency preparedness officials to make decisions that ensure student and staff safety. Colleges and universities are also working with students who may need assistance with relocation.
  • Children and Disasters – Preparedness, Planning, Response and Recovery Efforts
  • Evacuation and shelter-in-place
  • Population-based preparedness and resilience, particularly for at-risk populations and for women and infants
  • Public outreach, information, and education
  • Read More
  • Children and Disasters – Preparedness, Planning, Response and Recovery Efforts
  • Continuity of Business and Operations, and Supply Chain Management
  • Hurricane Harvey and Irma Toolset
Planning for the Whole CommunityIntegrating and Coordinating Emergency Preparedness, Response and Recovery for Children and Adults with Disabilities and Others with Access and Functional Needs Before, During and After a Disaster. The Office of Disability Integration and Coordination in the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) seeks to prepare individuals and families and strengthen communities before, during and after a disaster by providing guidance, tools, methods and strategies to integrate and coordinate emergency management efforts to meet the needs of all citizens, including children and adults with disabilities and others with access and functional needs.
  • Identification of needs and assistance for at-risk populations (economically-stressed, homeless, elderly, disabled, pregnant women and children) and ethnic groups
  • Human Factors; Physical & Mental Health for Community, Family, Individual, & At Risk Group Issues
Presidential Policy Directive/PPD-21: Critical Infrastructure Security and ResilienceThe Presidential Policy Directive (PPD) on Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience advances a national unity of effort to strengthen and maintain secure, functioning, and resilient critical infrastructure. This directive establishes national policy on critical infrastructure security and resilience. This endeavor is a shared responsibility among federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial (SLTT) entities, and public and private owners and operators of critical infrastructure. The directive identifies 16 critical infrastructure sectors, including Healthcare and Public Health. Critical infrastructure must be secure and able to withstand and rapidly recover from all hazards. Achieving this will require integration with the national preparedness system across prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery. The directive specifies that U.S. efforts shall address the security and resilience of critical infrastructure in an integrated, holistic manner to reflect.
  • All-hazards threat identification and characterization—natural and manmade, including aging and deteriorating infrastructure, technological threats, and climate change
  • Human Factors; Physical & Mental Health for Community, Family, Individual, & At Risk Group Issues
  • Plans and Integration
Ready or Not 2012: Protecting The Public’s Health From Diseases, Disasters, and BioterrorismReport issued annually to provide the public and policymakers with an independent analysis about progress and vulnerabilities in the nation’s public health preparedness. The report: • Informs policymakers about the status of public health preparedness in the United States; • Provides greater transparency for public health preparedness programs; • Encourages greater accountability for the spending of preparedness funds; and • Recommends ways to help the nation move toward a strategic, capabilities-based system able to respond effectively to health threats posed by diseases, disasters, and bioterrorism.
  • Emergency public health and medical, including mental health services (e.g., availability, certification, mobile assets, emergency triage and pre-hospital treatment, use of remote care technologies)
  • Population-based preparedness and resilience, particularly for at-risk populations and for women and infants
  • Read More
  • Human Factors; Physical & Mental Health for Community, Family, Individual, & At Risk Group Issues
Introduction to Program Evaluation for Public Health Programs: A Self Study GuideThis document is a “how to” guide for planning and implementing evaluation activities. The manual is based on CDC’s Framework for Program Evaluation in Public Health, and is intended to assist state, local, and community managers and staff of public health programs in planning, designing, implementing, and using the results of comprehensive evaluations in a practical way. The strategy presented in this manual will help assure that evaluations meet the diverse needs of internal and external stakeholders, including assessing and documenting program implementation, outcomes, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness of activities, and taking action based on evaluation results to increase the impact of programs.
  • Broad stakeholder involvement in planning and implementation, includes identification of key stakeholder groups and constituencies (includes public health, healthcare services, at-risk, ethnic, and faith-based groups)
  • Human Factors; Physical & Mental Health for Community, Family, Individual, & At Risk Group Issues
Proceedings of the Community Health Resilience Workshop 2011Report of Community Health Resilience Workshop held October 25 – 26, 2011 in Washington, D.C. with representatives of government, private sector, and non-profit organizations to discuss needs, current initiatives, and capabilities required to develop a community health information sharing and situational awareness framework that could be utilized nationwide. The Workshop raised awareness of the need for the whole community (i.e., public-private sector and non-profit organizations, including social service providers) to share information during a major health-related incident. This was done by examining two scenarios: a major natural disaster and food-borne illness outbreak. Identified priority areas that could be included in a community health resilience information sharing and situational awareness framework.
  • Financial resources for public and private sector restoration
  • Resource (government and private sector) management (identification, access, distribution, and monitoring)
  • Education, Training, and Exercises
  • Human Factors; Physical & Mental Health for Community, Family, Individual, & At Risk Group Issues
  • Plans and Integration
  • Public Engagement, Empowerment, and Information, including Media
  • Read More
Nursing Home Incident Command SystemManagement tool with templates that has been customized to help nursing homes assign and organize staff for key emergency management duties and to designate needed equipment and supplies to carry out assigned duties. • It is available as a separate download and is a component of the Emergency Management Guide for Nursing Homes • Provides an organizational system to improve emergency response • Staff of eldercare facilities • Promotes better coordinated and improved community response to benefit elderly populations in care facilities
  • Identification of needs and assistance for at-risk populations (economically-stressed, homeless, elderly, disabled, pregnant women and children) and ethnic groups
  • Continuity of Business and Operations, and Supply Chain Management
  • Financial and Broader Resourcing Challenges
  • Plans and Integration
  • Public Engagement, Empowerment, and Information, including Media
  • Response Challenges
Resources for Schools: Educating for EmergenciesThe American Red Cross is committed to helping youth and young adults become better prepared for a disaster or emergency. We work closely with schools, scout groups, and youth-serving organizations to raise awareness of disaster risk and build resiliency among young people. Our age-appropriate preparedness materials and training educate youth with engaging activities and easy action steps.
  • Children and Disasters – Preparedness, Planning, Response and Recovery Efforts
  • Public outreach, information, and education
  • Training and regional and targeted exercises and drills (for range of stakeholder groups—including health and human service organizations and media)
  • Read More
  • Education, Training, and Exercises
  • Human Factors; Physical & Mental Health for Community, Family, Individual, & At Risk Group Issues
  • Plans and Integration
Disasters and Financial Planning: A Guide for Preparedness and RecoveryDisaster preparedness begins with a well-crafted personal financial plan based on your family’s values and goals. Ideally, you should develop a financial strategy with the help of professionals such as your family attorney and a financial specialist. These professionals can help you make informed, thoughtful decisions about your family’s present and future financial activities.
  • Financial resources for public and private sector restoration
  • Resource (government and private sector) management (identification, access, distribution, and monitoring)
  • Continuity of Business and Operations, and Supply Chain Management
  • Financial and Broader Resourcing Challenges
Emergency Financial First Aid KitIf a disaster or other emergency strikes your community, you may only have seconds or minutes to react. In those critical moments, your focus will be on your family’s safety. Once the immediate danger has passed, having your homeowners or renters insurance policy, bank account information, and other household records and contacts will be essential as you begin the recovery process. The Emergency Financial First Aid Kit (EFFAK) can help you be ready.
  • Creating public support and securing financial resources for mitigation
  • Financial resources for public and private sector restoration
  • Public outreach, information, and education
  • Financial and Broader Resourcing Challenges
Outbreak Investigations: The 10-Step ApproachThis is a slideshow presentation that outlines the ten steps a community should take to investigate an outbreak. The guide explains the importance of investigation to public health and gives a step-by-step approach to investigation. Each step is explained in detail including resources, examples, definitions, and graphs. There is also a section on how to inform the media and how to find the source of the outbreak.
  • Public health surveillance and epidemiological investigation
  • Human Factors; Physical & Mental Health for Community, Family, Individual, & At Risk Group Issues
Emergency Financial First Aid Kit: Checklists and FormsA document filled with checklists and forms that can be used as helpful resources for emergency financial preparedness.
  • Creating public support and securing financial resources for mitigation
  • Financial resources for public and private sector restoration
  • Public outreach, information, and education
  • Financial and Broader Resourcing Challenges
Disaster Resistant Communities GroupThe Disaster Resistant Communities Group was established to provide a host of disaster planning and preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation services to local government agencies and departments as well as community and faith based organizations. In particular the site implements meaningful exercise opportunities to America's health systems that provide a comprehensive approach for assessing varuios disaster preparedness, response and recovery capabilities. This source adds value to community health resilience by providing healthcare officials the resources to train staff on how to respond to various events including active shooter, hurricanes, dispensing shortages, evacuations, and more.
  • Training and regional and targeted exercises and drills (for range of stakeholder groups—including health and human service organizations and media)
  • Communications, Critical IT Systems, Information Sharing, and Health Data Issues
  • Education, Training, and Exercises
  • Hurricane Harvey and Irma Toolset
  • Plans and Integration
Dispensing Medical Countermeasures for Public Health EmergenciesThe purpose of this resource is to summarize a workshop that was conducted with the objective of reviewing a range of solutions to provide medical countermeasures rapidly to large numbers of people to protect them before or during a public health emergency, such as a bioterrorist attack or infectious disease outbreak. The intended user for both the workshop and this summary are healthcare and government officials who would be in charge of coordinating a response to an outbreak. This resource provides value to community health resilience by exploring viable options for how the healthcare field should respond to an attack or outbreak.
  • Effective prophylaxis and non-pharmaceutical interventions to control disease, including countermeasures planning and dispensing
  • Communications, Critical IT Systems, Information Sharing, and Health Data Issues
  • Plans and Integration
  • Response Challenges
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